Intended for use in i in [.data.table, i.e., for subsetting/filtering.

Syntax should be familiar to SQL users, with interpretation as regex.

like(vector, pattern, ignore.case = FALSE, fixed = FALSE)
vector %like% pattern
vector %ilike% pattern
vector %flike% pattern

Arguments

vector

Either a character or a factor vector.

pattern

Pattern to be matched

ignore.case

logical; is pattern case-sensitive?

fixed

logical; should pattern be interpreted as a literal string (i.e., ignoring regular expressions)?

Details

Internally, like is essentially a wrapper around base::grepl, except that it is smarter about handling factor input (base::grep uses slow as.character conversion).

Value

Logical vector, TRUE for items that match pattern.

Note

Current implementation does not make use of sorted keys.

See also

Examples

DT = data.table(Name=c("Mary","George","Martha"), Salary=c(2,3,4)) DT[Name %like% "^Mar"]
#> Name Salary #> 1: Mary 2 #> 2: Martha 4
DT[Name %ilike% "mar"]
#> Name Salary #> 1: Mary 2 #> 2: Martha 4
DT[Name %flike% "Mar"]
#> Name Salary #> 1: Mary 2 #> 2: Martha 4